All the information on the deadliest spiders in Texas!
We Know Texas' Spiders
Texas has over 1,000 species of spiders. Luckily for Texas residents, 95% of these spiders are harmless to humans. However, there are some species every Texas citizen should know about. Here's a bit of information on those spiders.
Scientific Name: Loxosceles reclusa
Length: 1/4-3/4 inch
Leg Span: 1 inch
Color: Cream-Dark Brown, typically Medium Brown
Location: Found in the Mideastern United States, ranging from extreme western North Carolina to the southeastern tip of Oklahoma, extending to Iowa and most of Texas
Special Features: Although most spiders in the Loxosceles family are well known for the violin marking on their back, the mark on the Brown Recluses back can be easily confused with similar markings on spiders such as cellar spiders and pirate spiders. The most unique feature of the Brown Recluse is the 3 pairs of eyes, which are very uncommon among spiders. Brown Recluse spiders will not bite unless they are forced to. Their bites can cause death, or other serious symptoms.
Scientific Name: Theraphosa blondi
Length: 1-4 inches
Leg Span: 3-12 inches
Color: Cream- Dark or Light Brown
Location: South and West parts of the U.S., Central America, throughout South America, Africa, large parts of Asia, all over Australia and in Spain, Portugal, Turkey, Italy, and Cyprus
Special Features: The tarantula can be aggressive, and will bite if provoked. Their bite can penetrate skin, but the venom produces an effect similar to a wasp bite, virtually harmless to humans long term.
Scientific Name: Lactrodectus hesperus
Length: Female- 1/2 inch
Leg Span: Female- 1.5-2/3 inch
Color: Female- Glossy jet-black
Male-Tan or Light Brown
Location: Warmer western regions of the US to as far east as Oklahoma and Kansas, as high north as southwest Canada and can be found along the Pacific Coast in Mexico
Special Features: Has a bright red hourglass shape marking on the underside of the abdomen. Not always a complete hourglass shape. Female is most dangerous, typical non-aggressive. Nocturnal.